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Creeping, drinking, dying: the cinematic portal and the microscopic world of the twentieth-century cell.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21995222     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Film scholars have long posed the question of the specificity of the film medium and the apparatus of cinema, asking what is unique to cinema, how it constrains and enables filmmakers and audiences in particular ways that other media do not. This question has rarely been considered in relation to scientific film, and here it is posed within the specific context of cell biology: What does the use oftime-based media such as film coupled with the microscope allow scientists to experience that other visualization practices do not? Examining three episodes in the twentieth-century study of the cell, this article argues that the apparatus ofmicrocinematography constitutes what might be thought of as a technical portal to another world, a door that determines the experience of the world that lies on the other side of it. In this case, the design of apparatuses to capture time-lapsed images enabled the acceleration of cellular time, bringing it into the realm of human perception and experience. Further, the experience of the cellular temporal world was part of a distinct kind of cell biology, one that was focused on behavior rather than structure, focused on the relation between cells, and between the cell and its milieu rather than on cell-intrinsic features such as chromosomes or organelles. As such, the instruments and technical design of the microcinematographic apparatus may be understood as a kind of materialized epistemology, the history of which can elucidate how cinema was and is used to produce scientific knowledge.
Authors:
Hannah Landecker
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Science in context     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0269-8897     ISO Abbreviation:  Sci Context     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904113     Medline TA:  Sci Context     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  381-416     Citation Subset:  QIS    
Affiliation:
University of California, Los Angeles, USA.
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