Document Detail


Crash characteristics and injuries of victims impaired by alcohol versus illicit drugs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9370018     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Alcohol has long been associated with injury, but the relationship between other drugs and injury is less clear. Blood samples from 894 patients presenting to two Emergency Departments for treatment of motor vehicle injury sustained in passenger cars, station wagons, vans and pickup trucks, were tested for alcohol and other drugs. Results were related to demographic characteristics, including prior history of alcohol and drug use; crash characteristics; and injury characteristics. Alcohol was associated with more severe crashes, but other drugs, in the absence of alcohol, were not. The crashes involving drugs but no alcohol were very similar to those involving neither alcohol nor drugs.
Authors:
P F Waller; F C Blow; R F Maio; K Singer; E M Hill; N Schaefer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0001-4575     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  1997 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-12-17     Completed Date:  1997-12-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  817-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Transportation Research Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109-2150, USA. pwaller@umich.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic* / statistics & numerical data
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Alcohol Drinking*
Female
Humans
Injury Severity Score
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Substance-Related Disorders*
Wounds and Injuries / etiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 AA09110/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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