Document Detail

Craniometric analysis of the modern Cretan population.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18718728     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Despite the fact that sex assessment using craniofacial characteristics is commonly made worldwide, a lack of such investigation is noted in the Balkan area and in Greece in particular. The aim of this study is to develop a sex determination technique using osteometric data from skeletal remains of a contemporary Cretan cemetery population. A total of 90 males and 88 females are measured according to standard osteometric techniques. Age differences are not significant (mean age for men=68.94+/-13.41, N=66; for women=73.21+/-16.77, N=66). A total of 16 dimensions taken from the craniofacial skeleton are used and data are analyzed using SPSS subroutines. A comparison is made with other contemporary populations, including Americans (Terry collection) and South Africans (Dart and Pretoria collections), as well as an archaeological sample (Middle and Late Helladic) from Crete. Results indicate that males are statistically significantly greater than females in all dimensions. Bizygomatic breadth is the most discriminatory single dimension and can provide an accuracy rate of 82% on average. Using a stepwise method involving five dimensions (bizygomatic breadth, cranial length, nasion-prosthion and mastoid height and nasal breadth), accuracy is raised to 88.2%. Interestingly, cranial length is selected as the first discriminating variable by the stepwise analysis when only the neurocranium is available for measurement.
Elena F Kranioti; Mehmet Yasar Işcan; Manolis Michalodimitrakis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-08-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Forensic science international     Volume:  180     ISSN:  1872-6283     ISO Abbreviation:  Forensic Sci. Int.     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-15     Completed Date:  2009-01-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902034     Medline TA:  Forensic Sci Int     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  110.e1-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Forensic Sciences, University of Crete-Medical School, 71110 Heraklion, Greece.
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MeSH Terms
Discriminant Analysis
Forensic Anthropology / methods*
Sex Characteristics
Sex Determination by Skeleton / methods*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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