Document Detail

Craniofacial venous malformations: magnetic resonance imaging features that predict treatment outcome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19837307     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: Craniofacial venous malformations (VMs) are challenging lesions. Treatment is not routinely indicated unless the benefit and loss have been weighed properly. Therefore it is crucial to predict clinical outcome before treatment. This study was performed to retrospectively determine whether pretreatment magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings are predictive of outcome in patients who undergo sclerotherapy for craniofacial VMs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: MRI findings and clinical results of percutaneous sclerotherapy with ethanol and bleomycin A(5) in 69 patients with craniofacial VMs were retrospectively reviewed. Lesions were categorized with MRI based on margins; 51 were limited VMs, and 18 were infiltrating VMs. We performed t test analysis to assess the difference in the number of sclerotherapy sessions between the 2 groups. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to evaluate differences in symptom improvement and satisfaction level between the groups. The difference in complication rates was assessed by chi(2) analysis. RESULTS: The better response to treatment was among the patients with limited VMs. The number of sclerotherapy sessions was 1.9 +/- 1.2 for limited VMs and 3.6 +/- 1.5 for infiltrating VMs, with a significant difference between the groups (P = .0001). The patients with limited VMs were significantly more likely to have better symptom improvement (P = .0001) and a higher satisfaction level (P = .0001). The complication rates of the limited and infiltrating VMs were 18.2% (18/99) and 32.8% (21/64), respectively. A significant difference was found between the groups (P = .033). CONCLUSIONS: The feature of lesion margin on MRI before sclerotherapy is an important predictor of treatment outcome for craniofacial VMs.
YunBo Jin; XiaoXi Lin; Hui Chen; Wei Li; XiaoJie Hu; Gang Ma; Ling Zhu; MingHua Sun; Chuan Yang; Wei Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons     Volume:  67     ISSN:  1531-5053     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-19     Completed Date:  2009-11-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8206428     Medline TA:  J Oral Maxillofac Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2388-96     Citation Subset:  AIM; D; IM    
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai 9th People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Craniofacial Abnormalities / pathology*,  radiography,  therapy
Face / blood supply
Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
Predictive Value of Tests
Retrospective Studies
Sclerotherapy / methods*
Severity of Illness Index
Single-Blind Method
Skull / blood supply
Statistics, Nonparametric
Treatment Outcome
Vascular Malformations / pathology*,  radiography,  therapy
Veins / abnormalities
Young Adult

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