Document Detail

Craniofacial morphology in Chinese and Swedish children with Angle Class I and Class II occlusal relations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10204426     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this study was to compare the craniofacial morphology of a group of Chinese children from northern China with a group of Swedish children. Each ethnic group comprised 20 boys and 20 girls with Class I occlusion, and 20 boys and 20 girls with Class II occlusion. The ages of the children ranged from eight to ten years. Lateral cephalometric radiographs were used for the recording of a number of skeletal, dental, nasopharyngeal airway, and hyoid bone variables. The results of the comparisons of the two ethnic groups showed that the antero-posterior dimensions of the anterior cranial base and the maxilla in the Chinese children were significantly smaller than the corresponding dimensions in the Swedish children. The mean values of anterior and posterior face heights, inclination of the upper incisors, and protrusion of the lower incisors, were significantly greater in the Chinese than in the Swedish samples. In the median plane, the size of the nasopharyngeal airway was significantly greater in the Chinese than in the Swedes. This difference was due to the fact that the soft tissues covering the posterior nasopharyngeal wall were thinner in the Chinese children than in the Swedish children. In general, the ethnic differences were the same in the Class I and the Class II groups. The differences in some of the dental and skeletal characteristics found between northern Chinese and Caucasian-children are similar to previously described differences between southern Chinese and Caucasian children.
X L Zeng; C M Forsberg; S Linder-Aronson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Australian orthodontic journal     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0587-3908     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust Orthod J     Publication Date:  1998 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-04-20     Completed Date:  1999-04-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1260462     Medline TA:  Aust Orthod J     Country:  AUSTRALIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  168-76     Citation Subset:  D    
Department of Orthodontics, School of Stomatology, Beijing Medical University, China.
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MeSH Terms
Asian Continental Ancestry Group*
European Continental Ancestry Group*
Face / anatomy & histology*
Hyoid Bone / anatomy & histology
Malocclusion, Angle Class II / ethnology*,  pathology
Nasopharynx / anatomy & histology
Reference Values
Sex Characteristics
Skull / anatomy & histology*
Skull Base / anatomy & histology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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