Document Detail

Craniofacial distraction osteogenesis: a review of the literature: Part 1: clinical studies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11405458     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A review of the literature dealing with distraction osteogenesis (DO) of the craniofacial skeleton, provided by a PUBMED search (National Library of Medicine, NCBI; revised 3 April 2000) from 1966 to December 1999 was conducted. Key words used in the search were distraction, lengthening, mandible, mandibular, maxilla, maxillary, midface, midfacial, monobloc, cranial, craniofacial and maxillofacial. This search revealed 285 articles. One hundred and nine articles were clinically orientated and were analysed in detail in this study. The type of distraction, indications, age, type of surgery, distraction rates and rhythms, latency and contention periods, amount of lengthening, follow-up period, relapse, complications and the nature of the distraction device were analysed. This review revealed that 828 patients underwent DO of the craniofacial skeleton; 579 underwent mandibular DO, 129 maxillary DO, 24 simultaneous mandibular and maxillary DO and 96 midfacial and/or cranial DO. Craniofacial DO has proven to be a major advance for the treatment of numerous congenital and acquired craniofacial deformities. Treatment protocols and success criteria for craniofacial DO are suggested on the basis of these results. There is still, however, a lack of sufficient data, especially on follow-up and relapse, so that treatment strategies have to be validated by long-term studies in the future.
G Swennen; H Schliephake; R Dempf; H Schierle; C Malevez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0901-5027     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-06-14     Completed Date:  2001-09-20     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8605826     Medline TA:  Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  89-103     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Child, Preschool
Clinical Protocols
Craniofacial Abnormalities / surgery
Facial Bones / surgery*
Follow-Up Studies
Longitudinal Studies
Mandible / surgery
Maxilla / surgery
Osteogenesis, Distraction* / adverse effects,  classification,  instrumentation,  methods
Postoperative Complications
Reproducibility of Results
Skull / surgery*
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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