Document Detail

Craniocervical junction as a focus for craniofacial growth studies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7572095     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The craniocervical junction is a highly specialized unit simultaneously supporting head during movements in all planes and protecting the spinal cord. Anatomically, it includes an atlantoaxial complex, part of which embryonically arises from the occipital region of the skull. This review deals with the gross anatomy, kinematics, and growth reactions associated with functional alteration in this complex. Particular attention is paid to the atlas, the connecting element between the head and the vertebral column proper. From several studies it is concluded that the horizontal growth of the atlas is regulated by synchondroseal growth, whereas the vertical growth is determined by appositional growth. Some vertebral anomalies and concomitant anomalies of the cranial base are reported, to point out the ontogenetic integration between the skull base and the craniocervical junction. The high frequencies of atlantal posterior arch deficiency in cleft palate patients have led to speculations about common etiologic factors in these conditions.
J Huggare
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta odontologica Scandinavica     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0001-6357     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Odontol. Scand.     Publication Date:  1995 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-11-02     Completed Date:  1995-11-02     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370344     Medline TA:  Acta Odontol Scand     Country:  NORWAY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  186-91     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Institute of Dentistry, University of Arhus, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Atlanto-Axial Joint / anatomy & histology,  growth & development,  physiology*
Atlanto-Occipital Joint / anatomy & histology,  growth & development,  physiology*
Axis / abnormalities,  anatomy & histology,  growth & development,  physiology
Bone Development
Cartilage / anatomy & histology,  growth & development,  physiology
Cervical Atlas / abnormalities,  anatomy & histology,  growth & development,  physiology*
Cleft Palate / etiology
Maxillofacial Development*
Occipital Bone / abnormalities,  anatomy & histology,  growth & development,  physiology

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