Document Detail

The craniovertebral junction area and the role of the ligaments and membranes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21135738     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Traumatic injuries of the craniovertebral junction (CVJ) area are common and frequently the outcome of motor vehicle accidents, falls, and diving accidents. To define and characterize CVJ traumatic injuries, some international classifications are currently in use, and they are thought and focused on junction bone fracture. However, recent data point out a major important role of the CVJ ligaments and membranes in traumatic injuries with a secondary function of the osseous structures. Emphasizing the correct role of the ligaments and membranes is extremely important for determining appropriate medical or surgical planning for patients and also to design new CVJ injury classifications. We reviewed every recent major publication on the ligaments and membranes of the CVJ area. We divided the information into sections concerning anatomy, embryology, biomechanics, trauma, and CVJ bone fractures. A role of the ligaments and membranes in the traumatic injuries of the CVJ area has often been recognized; but only recently, with the increase in the knowledge of the anatomic and biomechanical junction area, supported by neuroradiological tools (magnetic resonance imaging) and a more detailed traumatic injuries assessment, has the role of the ligaments and membranes been highlighted. Ligaments and membranes have a pivotal role in each junctional ability and are the key to orienting any medical or surgical indications in this unique area of the spine.
Alberto Debernardi; Giuseppe D'aliberti; Giuseppe Talamonti; Fabio Villa; Maurizio Piparo; Massimo Collice
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurosurgery     Volume:  68     ISSN:  1524-4040     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurosurgery     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802914     Medline TA:  Neurosurgery     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  291-301     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurosurgery, Niguarda Cà Granda Hospital, Milan, Italy.
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