Document Detail

Cranial malformations in related white lions (Panthera leo krugeri).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20826844     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
White lions (Panthera leo krugeri) have never been common in the wild, and at present, the greatest population is kept in zoos where they are bred for biological and biodiversity conservation. During the years 2003 to 2008 in a zoological garden in northern Italy, 19 white lions were born to the same parents, who were in turn paternally consanguineous. Out of the 19 lions, 4 (21%) were stillborn, 13 (69%) died within 1 month, and 1 (5%) was euthanatized after 6 months because of difficulty with prehension of food. Six lions (32%) showed malformations involving the head (jaw, tongue, throat, teeth, and cranial bones). One lion (5%) still alive at 30 months revealed an Arnold-Chiari malformation upon submission for neurological evaluation of postural and gait abnormalities. Paternal consanguinity of the parents, along with inbreeding among white lions in general, could account for the high incidence of congenital malformations of the head in this pride of white lions.
F E Scaglione; C Schröder; G Degiorgi; O Zeira; E Bollo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary pathology     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1544-2217     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Pathol.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0312020     Medline TA:  Vet Pathol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1095-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dipartimento di Patologia Animale, Università degli Studi di Torino, Via L. da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco, Italy.
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