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Is Cows' Milk Harmful for a Child's Health?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21921812     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
ABSTRACT: Discussions and debates have recently entered the pediatric community on the potential positive and negative effects of cow's milk, also under the pressure of the public opinion perceptions.Negative effects of cow's milk consumption seems to be limited to iron status up to 9-12 months, then no negative effects are observed, provided that cow's milk, up to a maximum daily intake of 500 mL, is adequately complemented with iron enriched foods. Lactose intolerance can be easily managed and milk could be consumed up to 250 mL per day. Allergy to cow's milk proteins is usually transient. Atopic children may independently be at risk of poor growth, and the contribution of dairy nutrients to their diet should be considered. A connection of cow's milk with autistic spectrum disorders is lacking, and even a cause-effect relationship with type-1 diabetes is not established, since many factors may in case concur. While it is true that cow's milk stimulates IGF-1 and may affect linear growth, association with chronic degenerative, non-communicable diseases is not established. Finally, fat-reduced milks, if any need, should be considered after 24-36 months. Cow's milk represents a major source of protein of high nutritional quality as well as of calcium. Moreover, it has growth promoting effects independent of specific compounds. Its protein and fat composition, together with the micronutrient content, is suggestive of a functional food, whose positive effects are emphasized by a regular consumption, particularly in conditions of dietary habits poor in some limiting nutrients, while in industrialised countries its optimal daily intake should be around 500 mL adequately complemented with other relevant nutrients.
Carlo Agostoni; Dominique Turck
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1536-4801     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211545     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
*Department of Pediatrics, University of Milan, Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda - Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy †Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Jeanne de Flandre Childrens' Hospital and Faculty of Medicine, University Lille 2, Lille, France.
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