Document Detail

Covert self-reinforcers, fear of consequences, and health behavior.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10897297     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A sample of 125 U.S. college students reported how frequently they exercised vigorously; wore seat belts in automobiles; and avoided consumption of red meat and foods high in dietary cholesterol, saturated fat, and salt. They also reported their fears of long-term negative effects from the unhealthful alternatives and both the frequencies and intensities of 6 self-administered covert consequences: 3 positive for healthful behaviors and 3 negative for the unhealthful alternatives. Diet-related health behaviors were best predicated by a single scale composed of all 12 covert-consequence items. Factor analyses suggested the use of 2 scales for exercise and use of seat belts: 1 rating positive consequences and the other rating negative consequences. For both behaviors, only the positive-item scale predicted in multiple regression. Fear was correlated with all health behaviors except exercise, but it contributed independently only to red-meat avoidance.
J C Birkimer; L K Bledsoe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of social psychology     Volume:  139     ISSN:  0022-4545     ISO Abbreviation:  J Soc Psychol     Publication Date:  1999 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-08-17     Completed Date:  2000-08-17     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376372     Medline TA:  J Soc Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  654-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of Louisville, KY 40292, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Food Habits / psychology
Health Behavior*
Life Style
Students / psychology

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