Document Detail


Covariations of emotional states and alcohol consumption: evidence from 2 years of daily data collection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17761376     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We examined inter- and intra-individual covariations of mood and alcohol consumption in a sample of 171 light, medium, and heavy alcohol consumers aged 21 and over who reported daily about drinking and mood for a period of up to 2 years. The sample was recruited by advertisements in local newspapers and referral from former respondents in Northern Vermont, USA, between July 1997 and September 2000. Participants reported daily alcohol consumption and mood via interactive voice response (IVR) technology. Within-subject correlations were calculated for each individual separately and analyzed via cluster analysis. The cluster solution was subsequently used as a categorical Level-2 predictor in hierarchical linear modeling of daily alcohol consumption. Cluster analyses of the within-subject correlations revealed four clusters: (1) emotion-inhibited drinking (drinking combined with reduced emotional arousal, n=12); (2) "positive emotion drinking" (drinking in combination with positive mood, n=69); (3) "stress drinking" (drinking combined with negative mood, n=12); and (4) "non-emotional drinking" (no relationship between alcohol consumption and mood, n=78). Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) analyses revealed that a significant amount of random variance of the Level-1 mood slopes (38% and 40%) was accounted for by the clusters, demonstrating the predictive power of cluster membership on individual drinking patterns. Although Cluster 3 members (stress drinking) did not report significantly higher levels of alcohol consumption, they were more likely to report current and lifetime dependence symptoms. The results point to the existence of stable, but diverse drinking patterns among non-clinical alcohol consumers with potentially different implications for development into alcohol abuse and dependence.
Authors:
Kerstin E E Schroder; Mervyn W Perrine
Related Documents :
19740136 - Detecting alcohol-related problems in developing countries: a comparison of 2 screening...
11758056 - Alcohol, marijuana, and american youth: the unintended consequences of government regul...
19133886 - Age-period-cohort modelling of alcohol volume and heavy drinking days in the us nationa...
20477776 - Age of drinking onset as a moderator of the efficacy of parent-based, brief motivationa...
21317586 - Sexual behaviors of adolescent emerging and young adult men who have sex with men ages ...
24398366 - Hearing status in adult individuals with lifetime, untreated isolated growth hormone de...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2007-08-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social science & medicine (1982)     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0277-9536     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Sci Med     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-06     Completed Date:  2008-03-31     Revised Date:  2013-06-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303205     Medline TA:  Soc Sci Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2588-602     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Utah State University, 2810 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT, USA. kerstin.schroder@usu.edu
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Affect*
Aged
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology,  psychology*
Alcoholism / epidemiology,  psychology*
Cluster Analysis
Female
Humans
Individuality
Likelihood Functions
Linear Models
Male
Middle Aged
September 11 Terrorist Attacks / psychology
Socioeconomic Factors
Stress, Psychological / complications,  psychology
Vermont
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 AA009684-05/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Mobility and its liminal context: exploring sexual partnering among truck drivers crossing the South...
Next Document:  The influence of prescription drug insurance on psychotropic and non-psychotropic drug utilization i...