Document Detail

Could an infectious trigger explain the differential maternal response to the shared placental pathology of preeclampsia and normotensive intrauterine growth restriction?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12190839     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Preeclampsia/eclampsia remains an important cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Its origins lie in a mismatch between fetoplacental demands and the ability of the uteroplacental arteries to supply those demands, a situation that also arises in normotensive intrauterine growth restriction (the fetal syndrome of preeclampsia in isolation). Why is there this differential response to the same underlying pathology? This review summarises the evidence surrounding a potential trigger for the differential response, namely infection. This builds on the inflammatory model of preeclampsia for which there is increasing support. The evidence for an infectious trigger is principally indirect, linking the similarities between acute atherosis in preeclampsia and atherosclerosis, the increased likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease later in life following a preeclampsia pregnancy, and the association between chronic infection and atherogenesis. Also reviewed is the human and animal model evidence for an infectious trigger for preeclampsia. Perhaps preeclampsia truly is the 'toxemia' of pregnancy.
Peter von Dadelszen; Laura A Magee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica     Volume:  81     ISSN:  0001-6349     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Publication Date:  2002 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-08-22     Completed Date:  2002-09-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370343     Medline TA:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  642-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Children's and Women's Health Centre of British Columbia and University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Chlamydophila Infections / physiopathology
Chlamydophila pneumoniae / growth & development
Cytomegalovirus / growth & development
Cytomegalovirus Infections / physiopathology
Endotoxemia / physiopathology
Fetal Growth Retardation / microbiology*,  virology
Pre-Eclampsia / microbiology*,  virology
Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / microbiology*,  virology

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