Document Detail

Cost-effectiveness of lumbar artificial intervertebral disc replacement: driven by the choice of comparator.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23190445     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Lower back pain is a common and costly condition in Australia. This paper aims to conduct an economic evaluation of lumbar artificial intervertebral disc replacement (AIDR) compared with lumbar fusion for the treatment of patients suffering from significant axial back pain and/or radicular (nerve root) pain, secondary to disc degeneration or prolapse, who have failed conservative treatment. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness approach was used to compare costs and benefits of AIDR to five fusion approaches. Resource use was based on Medicare Benefits Schedule claims data and expert opinion. Effectiveness and re-operation rates were based on published randomized controlled trials. The key clinical outcomes considered were narcotic medication discontinuation, achievement of overall clinical success, achievement of Oswestry Disability Index success and quality-adjusted life-years gained. RESULTS: AIDR was estimated to be cost-saving compared with fusion overall ($1600/patient); however, anterior lumbar interbody fusion and posterolateral fusion were less costly by $2155 and $807, respectively. The incremental cost-effectiveness depends on the outcome considered and the comparator. CONCLUSIONS: AIDR is potentially a cost-saving treatment for lumbar disc degeneration, although longer-term follow-up data are required to substantiate this claim. The incremental cost-effectiveness depends on the outcome considered and the comparator, and further research is required before any firm conclusions can be drawn.
Bonny Parkinson; Stephen Goodall; Prema Thavaneswaran
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  ANZ journal of surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1445-2197     ISO Abbreviation:  ANZ J Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101086634     Medline TA:  ANZ J Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. ANZ Journal of Surgery © 2012 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.
Centre for Health Economics Research and Evaluation (CHERE), Faculty of Business, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
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