Document Detail


Cost-effectiveness and choice of infant transport systems.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12187184     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To compare cost-effectiveness of three types of infant transport models (Emergency Medical Technicians [EMT], Registered Nurses [RN], or Combined Teams [CT] of RNs and Respiratory Therapists) and to derive a decision model to guide choice of a transport system. RESEARCH DESIGN: A prospective, multicenter, observational study was conducted to compare infant physiologic status before and after transport. Cost-effectiveness analysis from the perspective of the third-party payer, sensitivity analysis and threshold analysis were performed. SUBJECTS: All (n = 1931) out born infants with complete transport data admitted to 11 regional tertiary-level Canadian NICUs from January 1996 to October 1997. MEASURES: Change in Transport Risk Index of Physiologic Stability (TRIPS) Score before and after transport, transport costs. RESULTS: Change in TRIPS was predicted by gestational age at transport, transport duration, and pretransport TRIPS score, but not the type (EMT, RN, CT) of transport team, mode (air/ground) or direction (forward/retrograde) of transport, presence of a physician, and other baseline population risks (sex, small for gestational age, antenatal corticosteroid treatment, Apgar score). The RN model is least costly under most assumptions. At high transport volumes (>2760 transports per year) and long average transport times (>6.8 h per transport), the EMT model was less costly. Cost drivers of transport were volume of transport, relative wages of transport personnel, and percent of waiting time dedicated to infant transport. CONCLUSIONS: A deterministic decision-analytic model can be used to model transport cost-effectiveness and derive a threshold analytic chart for identifying the least costly transport model.
Authors:
Shoo K Lee; John A F Zupancic; Joanna Sale; Margaret Pendray; Robin Whyte; David Brabyn; Robin Walker; Hilary Whyte
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical care     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0025-7079     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Care     Publication Date:  2002 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-08-20     Completed Date:  2002-09-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0230027     Medline TA:  Med Care     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  705-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. shool@interchange.ubc.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Canada
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Decision Making, Organizational*
Female
Health Services Research
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Intensive Care, Neonatal / economics,  organization & administration*,  standards
Male
Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care)*
Patient Care Team*
Prospective Studies
Regional Medical Programs / organization & administration*
Risk Assessment
Transportation of Patients / economics,  organization & administration*,  standards

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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