Document Detail

Correlation between cardiac performance and plasma catecholamine levels in conscious dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3970179     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We correlated levels of circulating norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (Epi) induced by 1) infusions, 2) treadmill exercise, and 3) hemorrhage with left ventricular (LV) function in conscious dogs instrumented for the measurement of LV and arterial pressures, LV diameter, and calculations of indexes of myocardial contractility. With infusions of NE, significant hemodynamic changes were observed only when plasma levels of NE exceeded 1,000 pg/ml. While statistically significant, the increase in rate of rise of LV pressure (LV dP/dt) at these levels was relatively slight, i.e., 8 +/- 2.3%. With further increases in catecholamines (greater than 1,000 pg/ml) good correlations were observed with increases in arterial pressure and myocardial contractility. Similar results occurred with infusions of Epi. Moderate treadmill exercise doubled LV dP/dt, while NE and Epi rose by only 563 +/- 128 and 292 +/- 50 pg/ml, respectively. Hemorrhage (30 ml/kg) decreased all indexes of contractility but increased plasma NE by 1,108 +/- 206 pg/ml and Epi by 1,475 +/- 266 pg/ml. Despite arterial NE and Epi levels 10-20 times those during exercise, infusions were unable to reproduce the peak changes in contractility seen with exercise. Infusions of NE or Epi to equal the plasma levels during exercise increased contractility by only 5-10%. In view of the marked disparity between levels of circulating catecholamines and LV function during exercise, hemorrhage, and catecholamine infusion, we conclude that circulating catecholamines do not adequately reflect the degree of inotropic stimulation to the myocardium.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
M A Young; T H Hintze; S F Vatner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  248     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1985 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-02-25     Completed Date:  1985-02-25     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H82-8     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Epinephrine / blood*,  pharmacology
Heart / physiology*,  physiopathology
Heart Ventricles
Hemodynamics / drug effects
Hemorrhage / blood,  physiopathology
Norepinephrine / blood*,  pharmacology
Physical Exertion
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 51-43-4/Epinephrine

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