Document Detail

Correlation of WOMAC and KOOS scores to tibiofemoral cartilage loss on plain radiography and 3 Tesla MRI: data from the osteoarthritis initiative.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23338667     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between the Western Ontario and McMasters Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and Knee Injury Osteoarthritis Outcomes scores (KOOS) and the degree of tibiofemoral cartilage loss on plain radiography and 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We hypothesize that these subjective outcome scores will have a significant correlation to quantitative joint space loss. METHODS: Data used in the preparation of this article were obtained from the osteoarthritis initiative (OAI) database (OAI public use data sets kMRI_QCart_Eckstein18 and kXR_QJSW_Duryea16). Four hundred and forty-five patients had WOMAC/KOOS scores, quantitative tibiofemoral joints space width on plain radiographs and quantitative tibiofemoral cartilage thickness and per cent full thickness cartilage loss on 3T MRI. Joint space width on plain radiographs was correlated to cartilage thickness on MRI, and WOMAC/KOOS scores were correlated to the degree of cartilage loss using Pearson correlation coefficients. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant correlation between medial and lateral compartment cartilage thickness on MRI and medial and lateral joint space width on plain radiography (r = 0.86, r = 0.80) (p < 0.001). KOOS knee pain score was significantly correlated to increasing per cent full thickness cartilage loss in the medial femoral compartment (r = 0.34) (p < 0.001). KOOS symptom score was significantly correlated to decreasing joint space width in the medial (r = 0.16) and lateral (r = 0.15) compartment and increasing per cent full thickness cartilage loss in the medial femoral compartment (r = 0.36) (p < 0.001). No WOMAC score was correlated to degree of joint space width, cartilage thickness or per cent full thickness cartilage loss (n.s). CONCLUSION: The WOMAC and KOOS scores are poor indicators of tibiofemoral cartilage loss, with only the KOOS symptom and knee pain score being weakly correlated. Osteoarthritis is a multifactorial process and the need to treat patients based off their symptoms and rely on radiographs as confirmatory modalities, and not diagnostic modalities, when talking about OA and medical intervention. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 2.
Kenneth David Illingworth; Youssef El Bitar; Kyle Siewert; Steven L Scaife; Saadiq El-Amin; Khaled J Saleh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-7347     ISO Abbreviation:  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9314730     Medline TA:  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Division of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, P.O. Box 19679, Springfield, IL, 62794-9679, USA.
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