Document Detail

Correlation of Cesarean rates to maternal and infant mortality rates: an ecologic study of official international data.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21709933     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: To correlate international official data on Cesarean delivery rates to infant and maternal mortality rates and low weight-at-birth rates; and to test the hypothesis that Cesarean rates greater than 15% correlate to higher maternal and infant mortality rates.
METHODS: Analyses were based on the most recent official data (2000-2009) available for 193 countries. Exponential models were compared to quadratic models to regress infant mortality rates, neonatal mortality rates, maternal mortality rates, and low weight-at-birth rates to Cesarean rates. Separate regressions were performed for countries with Cesarean rates greater than 15%.
RESULTS: In countries with Cesarean rates less than 15%, higher Cesarean rates were associated to lower infant, neonatal, and maternal mortality rates, and to lower rates of low weightat-birth. In countries with Cesarean rates greater than 15%, Cesarean rates were not significantly associated with infant or maternal mortality rates.
CONCLUSIONS: There is an inverse exponential relation between countries' rates of Cesarean deliveries and infant or maternal mortality rates. Very low Cesarean rates (less than 15%) are associated with poorer maternal and child outcomes. Cesarean rates greater than 15% were neither correlated to higher maternal nor child mortality, nor to low weight-at-birth.
Fernando Madalena Volpe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista panamericana de salud pública = Pan American journal of public health     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1680-5348     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev. Panam. Salud Publica     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9705400     Medline TA:  Rev Panam Salud Publica     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  303-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Hospital Foundation of Minas Gerais, ,
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