Document Detail


Correlating voice handicap index and quantitative videostroboscopy following injection laryngoplasty for unilateral vocal paralysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20647118     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: 1) Determine the correlation between voice handicap index and quantitative videostroboscopy for patients undergoing injection laryngoplasty for unilateral vocal paralysis; 2) assess which videostroboscopy measurements correlate best with voice handicap index in patients demonstrating progressive improvement beyond six months following injection laryngoplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Patients undergoing outpatient injection laryngoplasty with hyaluronic acid between 2005 and 2007. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients were assessed preoperatively and postoperatively using voice handicap index and videostroboscopy. Various videostroboscopy measurements were quantified: glottic open area (ratio of open to total glottic area during closed phase of phonation), glottic closed phase (frame ratio of closed phase to total glottic cycle), supraglottic compression (percent encroachment of supraglottis onto best-fit ellipse around glottis), wave amplitude (difference in glottic open area between open and closed phases), and wave duration (number of frames per glottic cycle). Correlation coefficients were calculated using Spearman's r. RESULTS: One hundred seventeen separate recordings were analyzed. Correlation coefficients between voice handicap index (normalized to preoperative values) and glottic closed phase showed moderate-strong correlation (r = -0.733, P < 0.001), while glottic open area and wave duration showed weak-moderate correlation (r = 0.465, P < 0.001 and r = -0.404, P < 0.001 respectively). Other parameters showed poor correlation. A subset of 25 recordings from eight patients with progressive voice handicap index improvement beyond six months showed highest correlation with supraglottic compression (r = 0.504, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Voice handicap index correlates best with glottic closed phase, suggesting duration of vocal fold closure during the glottic cycle best represents patients' subjective outcome post-procedure. Progressive improvement in voice handicap index beyond six months may relate to gradual reduction in compensatory supraglottic compression, with moderate correlation.
Authors:
David Pang Cheng Lau; Edward Zhiyong Zhang; Seng Mun Wong; Gwyneth Lee; Yiong Huak Chan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery     Volume:  143     ISSN:  1097-6817     ISO Abbreviation:  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-21     Completed Date:  2010-08-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8508176     Medline TA:  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  190-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright (c) 2010 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Otolaryngology, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Disability Evaluation
Humans
Hyaluronic Acid / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use*
Injections, Intralesional
Laryngoscopy
Middle Aged
Questionnaires
Stroboscopy / methods
Treatment Outcome
Video Recording
Viscosupplements / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use*
Vocal Cord Paralysis / drug therapy*
Voice Quality*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Viscosupplements; 9004-61-9/Hyaluronic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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