Document Detail


Correlating crash severity with injury risk, injury severity, and long-term symptoms in low velocity motor vehicle collisions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16192914     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Auto insurers use a variety of techniques to control their losses, and one that has been widely employed since the mid-1990's is the Minor Impact Soft Tissue (MIST) segmentation strategy. MIST protocol dictates that all injury claims resulting from collisions producing US dollars 1000 or less in damage be "segmented", or adjusted for minimal compensation. MATERIAL/METHODS: Multiple databases were searched for studies comparing any of three dependent variables (injury risk, injury severity, or duration of symptoms) with structural damage in motor vehicle crashes of under 40 km/h (25 mph). RESULTS: A limited correlation between crash severity and injury claims was found. We could not determine, however, whether this relationship held across all crash severities. Other studies provided conflicting results with regard to acute injury risk, but both found no statistically significant correlation between crash severity and long-term outcome. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial number of injuries are reported in crashes of little or no property damage. Property damage is an unreliable predictor of injury risk or outcome in low velocity crashes. The MIST protocol for prediction of injury does not appear to be valid.
Authors:
Arthur C Croft; Michael D Freeman
Related Documents :
16634084 - Long-term results of primary repair of brachial plexus lesions in children.
9370014 - Lower limb injuries to passenger car occupants.
7723084 - Airbag module cover injuries.
2020444 - Bicycle road crashes during the fourteenth and fifteenth years of life.
15824854 - Bone adaptation to a mechanical loading program significantly increases skeletal fatigu...
8186224 - Bipedicled axial cross-lip flap for correction of major vermilion deficiency after clef...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2005-09-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1234-1010     ISO Abbreviation:  Med. Sci. Monit.     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-29     Completed Date:  2006-01-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9609063     Medline TA:  Med Sci Monit     Country:  Poland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  RA316-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Spine Research Institute of San Diego and the Center for Research into Automotive Safety and Health, Spring Valley, California, USA. drcroft@srisd.com
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic*
Humans
Motor Vehicles*
Risk Assessment
Severity of Illness Index
Wounds and Injuries / physiopathology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Occupational bladder cancer: from cohort study to biologic molecular marker.
Next Document:  Cytochrome P450 2D6 metabolism and 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 receptor antagonists for postoperative...