Document Detail

Correlates of poor appetite among hemodialysis patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10528049     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Poor appetite is an important barrier to adequate nutrition among hemodialysis patients. We sought to determine the relationship between overall appetite and (1) patient demographic and medical characteristics and (2) appetite for specific foods. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: All 22 chronic hemodialysis units in northeast Ohio. PATIENTS: Two hundred ninety-eight randomly selected patents. INTERVENTION: Interview and chart abstraction. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Overall patient appetite. RESULTS: Of all patients, 12% reported poor overall appetite, 20% reported fair appetite, and 69% reported good appetite. There was no relationship between overall appetite and patient demographic (age, gender, race, education, health insurance) or medical (cause of renal failure, years on dialysis, number of comorbid conditions, Kt/V) characteristics. There was little relationship between overall appetite and appetite for 20 specific foods. Of 34 patients with poor overall appetite, 29 (85%) identified at least three specific protein foods for which they had good appetite and 28 (82%) identified at least three nonprotein foods for which they had good appetite. CONCLUSION: Poor overall appetite is not associated with patient characteristics or appetite for specific foods. Most patients with poor overall appetite have good appetite for several specific foods. Helping patients increase the intake of these foods may be beneficial in improving nutritional status.
P Ohri-Vachaspati; A R Sehgal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of renal nutrition : the official journal of the Council on Renal Nutrition of the National Kidney Foundation     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1051-2276     ISO Abbreviation:  J Ren Nutr     Publication Date:  1999 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-11-10     Completed Date:  1999-11-10     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9112938     Medline TA:  J Ren Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  182-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Nephrology, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Aged, 80 and over
Cross-Sectional Studies
Ethnic Groups
Food Preferences
Linear Models
Middle Aged
Renal Dialysis*
Sex Factors
Time Factors
Grant Support

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