Document Detail

Correlates of depressed mothers' sensitivity toward their infants: the role of maternal, child, and contextual characteristics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17513987     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To examine various maternal, child, and contextual characteristics, as well as the number of risk factors present, to distinguish which factors explain variance in the sensitivity of depressed mothers toward their infants. METHOD: Participants were depressed mothers (n = 84) with their infants ages 1 month up to 1 year. Mothers were videotaped while bathing their children. The recordings were rated using the sensitivity scale of the Emotional Availability Scales. RESULTS: Three characteristics independently contributed to the explained variance in maternal sensitivity: level of education, feelings of parental incompetence, and family income. In addition, two subgroups were found to be particularly at risk: young mothers with high levels of depressive symptoms and low-income mothers who felt insecure about their parental competence. Together, these factors explained 23% of the variation in sensitivity in our sample of depressed mothers. The number of risk factors explained 9.8% of the variation in sensitivity. CONCLUSIONS: The present results have implications for preventive interventions. Identifying specific groups at risk for low maternal sensitivity at an early stage may lead to favorable outcomes of targeted interventions that focus on enhancing depressed mothers' maternal sensitivity and feelings of parental competence.
Karin T M van Doesum; Clemens M H Hosman; J Marianne Riksen-Walraven; Cees Hoefnagels
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0890-8567     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2007 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-05-21     Completed Date:  2007-07-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8704565     Medline TA:  J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  747-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
Prevention Research Center, Department of Clinical Psychology, Radboud University Nijmegen and Community Mental Health Center, RIAGG IJsselland, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Depression, Postpartum / psychology*
Linear Models
Models, Psychological
Mother-Child Relations*
Parenting / psychology*
Risk Factors
Social Perception*
Videotape Recording

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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