Document Detail


Correlates of Bushmeat Hunting among Remote Rural Households in Gabon, Central Africa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22182047     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
  Hunted wild animals (i.e., bushmeat) are a main source of protein for many rural populations in the tropics, and the unsustainable harvest of these animals puts both human food security and ecosystem functioning at risk. To understand the correlates of bushmeat consumption, we surveyed 1219 households in 121 rural villages near three newly established national parks in Gabon. Through the surveys we gathered information on bushmeat consumption, income, and material assests. In addition, we quantified land cover in a 5-km radius around the village center and distance of the village center to the nearest park boundary. Bushmeat was not a source of income for most households, but it was the primary animal protein consumed. Ninety-seven percent of households consumed bushmeat at least once during a survey period of 12 days. Income or wealth, land cover, distance of village to the nearest park boundary, and level of education of the head of the household were among the factors that significantly related to the likelihood of consuming any of the 10 most commonly consumed species of bushmeat. Household size was the predictor most strongly associated with quantities of bushmeat consumed and was negatively related to consumption. Total bushmeat consumption per adult male equivalent increased as household wealth increased and decreased as distance of villages to park boundaries increased. Bushmeat consumption at the household level was not related to unit values (i.e., price estimates for a good that typically does not have a market value; estimates derived from willingness to sell or trade the good for items of known price) of bushmeat or the price of chicken and fish as potential substitutes. The median consumption of bushmeat at the village level, however, was negatively related to village mean unit values of bushmeat across all species. Our results suggest that a lack of alternative protein sources motivated even the wealthiest among surveyed households to consume bushmeat. Providing affordable, alternative protein sources to all households would likely reduce unsustainable levels of bushmeat consumption in rural Gabon.
Authors:
Steffen Foerster; David S Wilkie; Gilda A Morelli; Josefien Demmer; Malcolm Starkey; Paul Telfer; Matthew Steil; Arthur Lewbel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1523-1739     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9882301     Medline TA:  Conserv Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
©2011 Society for Conservation Biology.
Affiliation:
Boston College, Office of the Provost and Dean of Faculties, Waul House, 270 Hammond Street, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, U.S.A. Wildlife Conservation Society, 2300 Southern Boulevard, Bronx, NY 10460, U.S.A. Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 94062, 1090 GB Amsterdam, The Netherlands Wildlife Conservation Society, BP 7847, Libreville, Gabon Wildlife Conservation Society, BP14537, Brazzaville, Republic of Congo World Resources Institute, 10 G Street NE Suite 800, Washington, DC 20002, U.S.A. Boston College, Department of Economics, 140 Commonwealth Avenue, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, U.S.A.
Vernacular Title:
Correlaciones de la Caza de Carne de Monte en Grupos Familiares Rurales en Áreas Remotas de Gabón, África.
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