Document Detail

Correction of systematic set-up error in breast and head and neck irradiation through a no-action level (NAL) protocol.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21239353     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Purpose To quantify systematic and random patient set-up errors in breast and head and neck conventional irradiation and to evaluate a no-action level (NAL) protocol for systematic set-up error off-line correction in head and neck cancer and breast cancer patients. Material and methods Verification electronic portal images of orthogonal set-up fields were obtained daily for the initial four consecutive fractions for 20 patients treated for breast cancer and for 20 head and neck cancer patients. The calculated systematic error was used to shift the isocentre accordingly on the fifth treatment day. From then until the end of the treatment course, pair orthogonal portal images of set-up fields were obtained weekly. To assess the impact of the protocol, pre- and post-correction systematic errors were compared and PTV margins were estimated before and after correction using published margin recipes. Results Population systematic set-up error decreased in the breast cancer patient group after the implementation of NAL protocol from 4.0 to 1.7 mm on the x-axis, from 4.7 to 2.1 mm on the y-axis and from 2.8 to 0.9 mm on the zaxis. The percentage of patients with individual systematic set-up error reduction was 80%, 90% and 80% on the x-, yand z-axes respectively. Population systematic set-up error decreased also in the head and neck cancer patient group from 2.3 to 1.1 mm on the x-axis, from 1.6 to 1.4 mm on the y-axis and from 1.7 to 0.7 mm on the z-axis. The percentage of patients with individual systematic set-up error reduction was 70%, 65% and 85% on the x-, y- and z-axes respectively. Margin reduction achievable with NAL protocol implementation on the x-, y- and z-axes was 6.3, 7.2 and 4.8 mm for breast cancer patients and 3.3, 0.6 and 2.8 mm for head and neck cancer patients. Conclusion NAL off-line protocol is useful for systematic set-up error correction and PTV margin reduction in conventional breast and head and neck irradiation.
E M Lozano; L A Pérez; J Torres; C Carrascosa; M Sanz; F Mendicote; A Gil
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical & translational oncology : official publication of the Federation of Spanish Oncology Societies and of the National Cancer Institute of Mexico     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1699-3055     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Transl Oncol     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101247119     Medline TA:  Clin Transl Oncol     Country:  Spain    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  34-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Servicio de Oncología Radioterápica, Hospital General de Ciudad Real, Ciudad Real, Spain.
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