Document Detail


Coroner-reviewed infant and toddler deaths. Many "undetermineds" resemble homicides.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10183269     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although homicide is a leading cause of death of infants and toddlers, there is some suspicion that an unknown number of additional deaths are unrecognized homicides. The authors used California mortality data from 1969 to 1991 to examine 12,246 injury deaths that occurred before age 5. Characteristics of the dead child, injury event, and postmortem were compared for accidents, homicides, and undetermined deaths. A logistic model was developed to differentiate homicides from accidental deaths and then was used to predict whether undetermined deaths were likely to be homicides or accidents. Unlike accidental deaths, undetermineds and homicides had similar distribution patterns of age, race, sex, and place of injury. The predictive model indicates that 43.8% of the undetermined injury deaths were similar to homicides on several characteristics. True rates of homicide for infants and toddlers may, unfortunately, be nearly one fifth and one tenth higher, respectively, if the undetermined deaths that resemble homicides are taken into account.
Authors:
S B Sorenson; H Shen; J F Kraus
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Evaluation review     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0193-841X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eval Rev     Publication Date:  1997 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-10-21     Completed Date:  1998-10-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8004942     Medline TA:  Eval Rev     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  58-76     Citation Subset:  T    
Affiliation:
Violence Prevention Research Group, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents / statistics & numerical data
California / epidemiology
Cause of Death
Child, Preschool
Female
Homicide / statistics & numerical data*
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Logistic Models
Male
Minority Groups / statistics & numerical data
Odds Ratio
Predictive Value of Tests
Wounds and Injuries / ethnology,  mortality*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R49/CCR903622//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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