Document Detail

Coronary vasodilator reserve in young dogs with moderate right ventricular hypertrophy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6235786     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effects of experimental right ventricular (RV) pressure overload and RV hypertrophy on coronary vasodilator reserve in young animals is not well established. Therefore, we measured coronary vasodilator reserve in the right ventricle of dogs from 7 to 12 months old with moderate RV hypertrophy due to pulmonary artery banding performed 3 to 7 days after birth. In the 5 dogs with pulmonary artery banding, substantial RV hypertension developed (RV pressure at rest, 73 +/- 11 mm Hg) as did RV hypertrophy (ratio of RV free wall/left ventricular free wall weight, 1.86 +/- 0.41 gm/kg). The reactive hyperemic response following brief coronary occlusions was used as an index of coronary vasodilator reserve. The ratios of peak reactive hyperemic response to resting flow, however, were not significantly different in the 5 banded dogs compared with 7 control animals (3.6 +/- 1.0 versus 2.6 +/- 0.6); this implies that the extent of vasodilator reserve was similar with or without moderate RV hypertrophy. In addition, myocardial blood flow, as determined using radioactive microspheres, was not significantly different at rest: 0.57 +/- 0.09 ml/min per gram in the banded dogs versus 0.48 +/- 0.12 ml/min per gram in the controls. Uniform transmural distribution of blood flow was maintained during infusion of isoproterenol, which was used to increase myocardial oxygen requirements in both groups. Minimum coronary vascular resistance was significantly lower in the banded than the control dogs (1.5 +/- 0.6 versus 6.2 +/- 2.3; p less than 0.01). This difference suggests that the cross-sectional area of the right coronary vascular bed increased with the development of RV hypertrophy.
M J Botham; J H Lemmer; R A Gerren; R W Long; D M Behrendt; K P Gallagher
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0003-4975     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  1984 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-09-04     Completed Date:  1984-09-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  101-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cardiomegaly / physiopathology*
Coronary Circulation*
Coronary Vessels / physiopathology*
Isoproterenol / pharmacology
Vascular Resistance
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:

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