Document Detail

Coronary intimal proliferation after balloon injury and stenting in swine: an animal model of restenosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1634687     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to compare the proliferative response in coronary arteries after tantalum stent placement or balloon injury in a normolipemic swine model of restenosis.
BACKGROUND: Restenosis remains a significant complication of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Efforts to study restenosis have been hampered by the lack of a suitable animal model.
METHODS: In an attempt to create lesions resembling those of human restenosis, normolipemic swine underwent injury of either the left anterior descending or the left circumflex coronary artery with either balloon inflation or deployment of a tantalum stent. At 4 weeks, they were killed and the injured vessels processed for histopathologic analysis. Intimal area, lumen area and maximal intimal thickness were measured. The degree of stenosis was expressed as residual lumen area (lumen area/intimal area ratio).
RESULTS: Vessels injured by either method demonstrated significant intimal smooth muscle proliferation leading to reduction in lumen area. In the 18 stented vessels residual lumen area measured 0.64 +/- 0.18 and maximal intimal thickness measured 0.6 +/- 0.3 mm; in the 15 balloon-injured vessels these values were 0.75 +/- 0.18 and 0.4 +/- 0.3 mm, respectively (p less than 0.05). In addition, most stented vessels had reactive inflammatory infiltrates surrounding the stent wires composed of lymphocytes, histiocytes and many eosinophils.
CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that coronary artery injury in swine with either balloon inflation or stenting leads to intimal smooth muscle cell proliferation similar to that seen in human restenosis. The degree of intimal proliferation appears to be greater after stenting than after balloon injury. Intracoronary stenting in swine is associated with a marked inflammatory reaction around the stent wires. These models may be helpful in planning systemic and local antirestenosis strategies.
S P Karas; M B Gravanis; E C Santoian; K A Robinson; K A Anderberg; S B King
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1992 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-08-21     Completed Date:  1992-08-21     Revised Date:  2011-10-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  467-74     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Andreas Gruentzig Cardiovascular Center, Department of Medicine (Cardiology), Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322.
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MeSH Terms
Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary / adverse effects*
Coronary Disease / pathology,  therapy
Coronary Vessels / injuries*,  pathology
Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / injuries*,  pathology

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