Document Detail

Coronary artery disease, cerebral non-fatal ischemic stroke in retinal vein occlusion: An 8-yr follow-up.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20674314     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Forty-five consecutive subjects (26M, 19F; mean age 54 ± 14 yrs) with a diagnosed retinal vein occlusion (RVO), were followed-up for 8 yrs. As many as 145 sex-age- and blood pressure-matched individuals (78M, 67F; mean age 54.4 ± 13.5 yrs), that did not experience any vascular event, served as controls. At the time of the RVO, controls and subjects did not differ as to hypercholesterolemia, hypertrigliceridemia, diabetes mellitus, smoking habits, inherited/acquired thrombophilia. At the follow-up completion, they differed as to statin consumption (p = 0.016). During the 8-yrs follow-up, in the control population, 11 out of 145 (7.6%) subjects had experienced a major vascular event (8 coronary artery disease; 3 cerebral non-fatal ischemic stroke). In contrast, of the 45 subjects with a history of RVO, as many as 10 (22.2%) had experienced a major vascular event: 4 coronary artery disease; 4 cerebral non-fatal ischemic stroke; 2 cardiovascular + cerebrovascular event (p = 0.012). A prolonged antiplatelet treatment, prior to the major vascular event, was found in 5/45 cases (11.1%) vs 23/145 (15.9%) controls (p = 0.63). In contrast, a long-lasting administration of anti-hypertensive drugs, to achieve a control of blood pressure, was found in 83.4% of controls and only in 46.7% of cases (p < 0.0001). In conclusion, in a 8-yr follow-up, coronary artery disease and/or non-fatal ischemic stroke were more common in subjects with a history of RVO than in a large setting of subjects comparable for cardiovascular risk factors. These data also argue for RVO as a vascular disease in which aggressive anti-hypertensive therapy to prevent stroke and/or myocardial infarction is needed.
M Di Capua; M N D Di Minno; A Guida; M Loffredo; C Cuccaro; A Coppola; R Izzo; N Macarone Palmieri; A Crispo; A M Cerbone; G Di Minno
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-07-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1590-3729     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9111474     Medline TA:  Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  23-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Dept. of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Regional Reference Centre for Coagulation Disease, Federico II University, via Pansini 5, Naples, Italy.
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