Document Detail

Coronary artery compression with fatal myocardial ischemia. A rare complication of valved extracardiac conduits in children with congenital heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6834874     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Three children with congenital heart disease died after surgical procedures involving the placement of valved extracardiac conduits; their deaths were caused by myocardial ischemia following coronary artery compression by the metallic stent of the conduit valve. The first and second patients died of acute myocardial ischemia or infarction during the immediate postoperative period, whereas the third patient died of chronic myocardial ischemia and progressive heart failure several months after the operation. In a fourth patient the problem of possible coronary artery compression was suspected on completion of the surgical procedure, and the valve stent was then repositioned away from the coronary artery; this resulted in marked hemodynamic improvement. Fatal myocardial ischemia from coronary artery compression is a rare but potential complication of valved extracardiac conduit placement in children with congenital heart disease. Preoperative assessment of coronary artery distribution is indicated in those patients with prior intrapericardial operations and subsequent pericardial adhesions. Such assessment in previously unoperated patients may be undertaken at the time of conduit operation. Proper conduit placement and intraoperative recognition of possible coronary artery compression by the conduit are important in preventing significant ischemic complications.
D A Daskalopoulos; W D Edwards; D J Driscoll; G K Danielson; F J Puga
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  85     ISSN:  0022-5223     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  1983 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-05-05     Completed Date:  1983-05-05     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  546-51     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Coronary Disease / complications*,  etiology*
Coronary Vessels / injuries*
Heart Defects, Congenital / complications,  surgery*
Heart Failure / etiology
Myocardial Infarction / etiology
Postoperative Complications

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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