Document Detail

Coronary artery bypass graft surgery after thrombolytic therapy in the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction Trial, Phase II (TIMI II).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7829793     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: We examined the results of coronary artery bypass graft surgery after thrombolytic therapy in the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction trial, Phase II (TIMI II) with particular emphasis on patient characteristics, the impact of antecedent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and morbidity and mortality in certain subgroups. BACKGROUND: Coronary bypass surgery is frequently used after thrombolytic therapy, but there is relatively little information with regard to early and late outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed 3,339 patients enrolled in the TIMI II trial. Bypass surgery was performed in 390 patients (11.7%): 54 (14%) within 24 h after entry into the trial or within 24 h of coronary angioplasty and 336 (86%) between 24 h and 42 days after entry. RESULTS: Perioperative mortality rates were, respectively, 16.7% and 3.9% (p < 0.001); perioperative myocardial infarction rates were 5.6% and 6.2%, respectively; and major hemorrhagic events occurred in 74% and 50.9%, respectively (p = 0.002). On multivariate analysis, the only independent predictor of perioperative mortality was bypass surgery within 24 h after entry or after coronary angioplasty. Among patients undergoing bypass surgery within 24 h of entry or after coronary angioplasty, the prevalence of multivessel disease (59.1% vs. 77.8%) and use of the internal thoracic artery (18.5% vs. 62.5%) were lower than in the remaining surgical patients. Among the 322 perioperative survivors, the 1-year mortality rate after discharge was only 2.2% and 1.9%, respectively, in the two groups. Only one patient had a documented recurrent myocardial infarction during the first year. CONCLUSIONS: The increased mortality rate with bypass surgery after thrombolytic therapy, particularly in patients undergoing operation within 24 h of coronary angioplasty or during the involving phase of infarction, must be balanced against the excellent 1-year prognosis and perioperative survivors, who are in general a group at higher risk of death or recurrent infarction. These data provide a basis for comparison for future studies.
B J Gersh; J H Chesebro; E Braunwald; C Lambrew; E Passamani; R E Solomon; A M Ross; R Ross; M L Terrin; G L Knatterud
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1995 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-02-22     Completed Date:  1995-02-22     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  395-402     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
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MeSH Terms
Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary
Coronary Artery Bypass*
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / mortality,  therapy*
Patient Selection
Proportional Hazards Models
Risk Factors
Survival Analysis
Thrombolytic Therapy*
Time Factors
Tissue Plasminogen Activator / therapeutic use*
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:
EC Plasminogen Activator

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