Document Detail


Coronary Anomalies in Mice with Congenital Heart Defects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25266175     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: Coronary anomalies are frequently associated with congenital cardiac defects. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that the development of the tunica media of coronary arteries/arterioles is compromised in mice with cardiac defects of the outflow tract (persistent truncus arteriosus, double outlet right ventricle and transposition of the great arteries) by studying hearts of G7-9 generation mice bred from mutagenized mice caused by N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea. Mice were studied at embryonic days E16.5, E17.5, and postnatal days 1 and 11. Data were based on immunohistochemistry of serial sections. Results: In 21 of 24 mice with outflow tract defects, the development of smooth muscle in arteries and arterioles was retarded; most commonly arterioles had an incomplete layer of smooth muscle or in a few instances, lacked a tunica media. In this model, an absence of a coronary ostium occurred in only 2 mice, indicating that the mechanisms underlying the formation of coronary ostia and the recruitment and differentiation of vascular smooth muscle differ. Coronary fistulas were present in 20% and dilated vessels in 30% of the hearts with cardiac defects. Conclusions: The data suggest that vascular smooth muscle recruitment and differentiation are not necessarily linked to other coronary anomalies, such as absence of a main coronary artery or branching patterns. Anat Rec, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Authors:
Robert J Tomanek; Qing Yu; Cecilia W Lo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anatomical record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1932-8494     ISO Abbreviation:  Anat Rec (Hoboken)     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-10-1    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101292775     Medline TA:  Anat Rec (Hoboken)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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