Document Detail


Core stability training: applications to sports conditioning programs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17685697     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In recent years, fitness practitioners have increasingly recommended core stability exercises in sports conditioning programs. Greater core stability may benefit sports performance by providing a foundation for greater force production in the upper and lower extremities. Traditional resistance exercises have been modified to emphasize core stability. Such modifications have included performing exercises on unstable rather than stable surfaces, performing exercises while standing rather than seated, performing exercises with free weights rather than machines, and performing exercises unilaterally rather than bilaterally. Despite the popularity of core stability training, relatively little scientific research has been conducted to demonstrate the benefits for healthy athletes. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to critically examine core stability training and other issues related to this topic to determine useful applications for sports conditioning programs. Based on the current literature, prescription of core stability exercises should vary based on the phase of training and the health status of the athlete. During preseason and in-season mesocycles, free weight exercises performed while standing on a stable surface are recommended for increases in core strength and power. Free weight exercises performed in this manner are specific to the core stability requirements of sports-related skills due to moderate levels of instability and high levels of force production. Conversely, during postseason and off-season mesocycles, Swiss ball exercises involving isometric muscle actions, small loads, and long tension times are recommended for increases in core endurance. Furthermore, balance board and stability disc exercises, performed in conjunction with plyometric exercises, are recommended to improve proprioceptive and reactive capabilities, which may reduce the likelihood of lower extremity injuries.
Authors:
Jeffrey M Willardson
Related Documents :
3536817 - Adolescents and exercise.
15992717 - Cardiac hypertrophy and how it may break an athlete's heart--the cypriot case.
12037557 - Trends and random fluctuations in athletics.
1521947 - Cortisol levels during prolonged exercise: the influence of menstrual phase and menstru...
16815777 - Effect of aqua exercise on recovery of lower limb muscles after downhill running.
1499437 - Immunonutrition and enteral hyperalimentation of critically ill patients.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1064-8011     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-09     Completed Date:  2007-11-08     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  979-85     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Physical Education Department, Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, Illinois 61920, USA. jmwillardson@eiu.edu
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abdominal Muscles / physiology*
Athletic Injuries / prevention & control,  rehabilitation
Humans
Muscle Strength / physiology
Physical Education and Training / methods*
Physical Endurance / physiology
Postural Balance / physiology
Sports / physiology*
Sports Equipment
Thorax / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Assessment of maximal cardiorespiratory performance and muscle power in the Italian Olympic judoka.
Next Document:  Effects of six warm-up protocols on sprint and jump performance.