Document Detail

Coordination of thumb joints during opposition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16643926     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Thumb opposition plays a vital role in hand function. Kinematically, thumb opposition results from composite movements from multiple joints moving in multiple directions. The purpose of this study was to examine the coordination of thumb joints during opposition tasks. A total of 15 female subjects with asymptomatic hands were studied. Three-dimensional angular kinematics of the carpometacarpal (CMC), metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and interphalangeal (IP) joints were obtained by a marker-based motion analysis system. Thumb opposition revealed coordination among joints in a specific direction (inter-joint coordination) and among different directions within a joint (intra-joint coordination). In particular, linear couplings existed between the flexion and pronation at the CMC joint, and between the flexion of the CMC joint and flexion of the MCP joint. Principal component analysis showed that only two principal components adequately represented the thumb opposition data of seven movement directions. A term functional degrees of freedom by virtue of principal component analysis was proposed to uncover the extent of movement coordination in functional tasks.
Zong-Ming Li; Jie Tang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-04-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomechanics     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0021-9290     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biomech     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-22     Completed Date:  2007-03-20     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0157375     Medline TA:  J Biomech     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  502-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Hand Research Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, 210 Lothrop Street, E1641 BST, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Finger Joint / anatomy & histology,  physiology*
Movement / physiology*
Principal Component Analysis
Thumb / anatomy & histology,  physiology*

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