Document Detail

Cooperation of Th1 and Th17 cells determines transition from autoimmune myocarditis to dilated cardiomyopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22730043     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Myocarditis is a potentially lethal inflammatory heart disease of children and young adults that frequently leads to dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Since diagnostic procedures and efficient therapies are lacking, it is important to characterize the critical immune effector pathways underlying the initial cardiac inflammation and the transition from myocarditis to DCM. We describe here a T-cell receptor (TCR) transgenic mouse model with spontaneously developing autoimmune myocarditis that progresses to lethal DCM. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging revealed early inflammation-associated changes in the ventricle wall including transient thickening of the left ventricle wall. Furthermore, we found that IFN-γ was a major effector cytokine driving the initial inflammatory process and that the cooperation of IFN-γ and IL-17A was essential for the development of the progressive disease. This novel TCR transgenic mouse model permits the identification of the central pathophysiological and immunological processes involved in the transition from autoimmune myocarditis to DCM.
Veronika Nindl; Reinhard Maier; David Ratering; Rita De Giuli; Roland Züst; Volker Thiel; Elke Scandella; Franco Di Padova; Manfred Kopf; Markus Rudin; Thomas Rülicke; Burkhard Ludewig
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of immunology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1521-4141     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1273201     Medline TA:  Eur J Immunol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Institute of Immunobiology, Kantonal Hospital St. Gallen, Switzerland.
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