Document Detail

Conversion of furfuryl alcohol into ethyl levulinate using solid acid catalysts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19370740     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Furfural, a potential coproduct of levulinic acid, can be converted into levulinic acid via hydrogenation to furfuryl alcohol and subsequent ethanolysis to ethyl levulinate. The ethanolysis reaction is known to proceed in the presence of H(2)SO(4). We show here that several strongly acidic resins are comparably effective catalysts for this reaction. Optimal performance is achieved by balancing the number of acid sites with their accessibility in the resin. Acidic zeolites such as H-ZSM-5 also catalyze this reaction, although with a lower activity and a higher co-production of diethyl ether.
Jean-Paul Lange; Wouter D van de Graaf; René J Haan
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  ChemSusChem     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1864-564X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-25     Completed Date:  2009-08-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101319536     Medline TA:  ChemSusChem     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  437-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Shell Global Solutions, Shell Research and Technology Centre, Badhuisweg 3, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Furans / chemistry*
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Ion Exchange Resins / chemistry*
Levulinic Acids / chemistry*
Polymers / chemistry*
Sulfuric Acids / chemistry*
Zeolites / chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Furans; 0/Ion Exchange Resins; 0/Levulinic Acids; 0/Polymers; 0/Sulfuric Acids; 0/ethyl levulinate; 1318-02-1/Zeolites; 7664-93-9/sulfuric acid; 98-00-0/furfuryl alcohol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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