Document Detail


Convergent validity of DSM-III-R and DSM-IV alcohol dependence: results from the National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9494941     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to separately examine the associations between ethanol intake and alcohol dependence, as defined in the DSM-III-R and DSM-IV, in conjunction with an identical set of external correlates, with a view toward assessing the convergent validity of the two diagnostic definitions of dependence. Although the sociodemographic, alcohol, drug and comorbid profiles of respondents classified as DSM-III-R and DSM-IV dependent were similar, the results of the linear logistic regression analyses differed for each of the diagnostic definitions. The risk of DSM-III-R dependence was reduced among blacks and increased among early onset drinkers. Given equivalent levels of ethanol intake, the risk of DSM-III-R dependence was greater for these respondents who had experienced a recent death of close relative compared to those who had not. In contrast, the risk of DSM-IV dependence was greatest among respondents with a current alcoholic spouse or partner relative to those without an alcoholic spouse or partner. Major differences in the content and structure of the two definitions of dependence were useful in predicting the observed discrepancies between the risk gradients associated with the DSM-III-R and DSM-IV classifications. Implications of these findings were discussed in terms of differential coverage of the DSM-III-R and DSM-IV diagnostic categories and the impact of the absence of complete convergent validity on epidemiologic research.
Authors:
B F Grant
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of substance abuse     Volume:  9     ISSN:  0899-3289     ISO Abbreviation:  J Subst Abuse     Publication Date:  1997  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-05-21     Completed Date:  1998-05-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9001404     Medline TA:  J Subst Abuse     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  89-102     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Biometry and Epidemiology, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Bethesda, MD 20892-7003, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
Alcohol-Related Disorders / diagnosis*,  epidemiology*
Comorbidity
Confidence Intervals
Depressive Disorder / epidemiology
Health Surveys
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Manuals as Topic / standards*
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Odds Ratio
Prevalence
Regression Analysis
Reproducibility of Results
Risk Factors
Sampling Studies
Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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