Document Detail

Controlling flow in microfluidic channels with a manually actuated pin valve.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21472409     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
There is a need for a simple method to control fluid flow within microfluidic channels. To meet this need, a simple push pin with a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) tip has been integrated into microfluidic networks to be placed within the microchannel to obstruct flow. This new valve design can attain on/off control of fluid flow without an external power source using readily-available, low-cost materials. The valve consists of a 14 gauge (1.6 mm) one inch piece of metal tubing with a PDMS pad at the tip to achieve a fluidic seal when pressed against a microfluidic channel's substrate. The metal tubing or pin is then either manually pushed down to block or pulled up to allow fluid flow. The valve was validated using a pressure transducer and fluorescent dye to determine the breakthrough pressure the valve can withstand over multiple cycles. In the first cycle, the median value for pressure withstood by the valve was 8.8 psi with a range of 17.5-2.7 psi. The pressure the valves were able to withstand during each successive trial was lower suggesting they may be most valuable as a method to control the initial introduction of fluids into a microfluidic device. These valves can achieve flow regulation within microfluidic devices, have a small dead volume, and are simple to fabricate and use, making this technique widely suitable for a range of applications.
Marie-Elena Brett; Shuping Zhao; Jonathan L Stoia; David T Eddington
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biomedical microdevices     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1572-8781     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100887374     Medline TA:  Biomed Microdevices     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, 851 S. Morgan St., SEO Rm. 218, Chicago, IL, 60607, USA.
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