Document Detail


Controlling adhesion force by means of nanoscale surface roughness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21721580     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Control of adhesion is a crucial aspect in the design of microelectromechanical and nanoelectromechanical devices. To understand the dependence of adhesion on nanometer-scale surface roughness, a roughness gradient has been employed. Monomodal roughness gradients were fabricated by means of silica nanoparticles (diameter ~ 12 nm) to produce substrates with varying nanoparticle density. Pull-off force measurements on the gradients were performed using (polyethylene) colloidal-probe microscopy under perfluorodecalin, in order to restrict interactions to van der Waals forces. The influence of normal load on pull-off forces was studied and the measured forces compared with existing Hamaker-approximation-based models. We observe that adhesion force reaches a minimum value at an optimum particle density on the gradient sample, where the mean particle spacing becomes comparable with the diameter of the contact area with the polyethylene sphere. We also observe that the effect on adhesion of increasing the normal load depends on the roughness of the surface.
Authors:
Shivaprakash Ramakrishna; Akshata Rao; Lucy Clasohm; Nicholas D Spencer
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5827     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9882736     Medline TA:  Langmuir     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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