Document Detail

Controlled study of the association of smoking with lactobacilli, mutans streptococci and yeasts in saliva.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9021335     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effect of smoking on salivary microbe levels was studied in 780 subjects by multivariate analysis, taking into account some confounding factors. Lactobacilli, mutans streptococci and yeasts were detected with Dentocult-LB, Dentocult-SM and Oricult-N tests. The explanatory variables considered were gender, presence of natural teeth, presence of removable denture, presence of decayed teeth, toothbrushing frequency, use of sugar in coffee or tea, consumption frequency of sugary products, secretion rate of stimulated and unstimulated saliva, buffering capacity of saliva, pH of saliva, oral hygiene and tobacco smoking habits. Smoking was strongly associated with higher lactobacilli counts and presence of yeasts, independently of oral status, hygiene or salivary factors. The relation between smoking and mutans streptococci was weaker. The overall associations of lactobacilli and yeasts with the study variables followed a very similar pattern.
T Sakki; M Knuuttila
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of oral sciences     Volume:  104     ISSN:  0909-8836     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Oral Sci.     Publication Date:    1996 Oct-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-02     Completed Date:  1997-04-02     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9504563     Medline TA:  Eur J Oral Sci     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  619-22     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Periodontology and Geriatric Dentistry, University of Oulu, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Colony Count, Microbial
DMF Index
Diet, Cariogenic
Dietary Sucrose
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Lactobacillus / isolation & purification
Logistic Models
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Oral Hygiene
Saliva / chemistry,  microbiology*,  secretion
Secretory Rate
Streptococcus mutans / isolation & purification
Yeasts / isolation & purification
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Sucrose

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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