Document Detail


Control of equine piroplasmosis in Brazil.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10486829     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The importance of equine piroplasmosis control in endemic countries has increased in recent years and plays an important role to maintain the international market open to the horse industry. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the occurrence of equine piroplasmosis (Babesia equi or Theileria equi and Babesia caballi) in Brazil--a country where the disease occurs endemically--in different climatic conditions, and to evaluate the results of a strategy for tick control in order to decrease infection rates. Blood samples were taken from 720 horses on 28 farms from different regions and subjected for complement fixation testing. The strategy was based on the control of the tick population by spraying the horses with acaricides, treating positive horses and preventing cattle and horses from grazing together. A significant association was found in the prevalence of antibody titres in tropical and subtropical areas. A significantly lower prevalence rate occurred on those farms where measures to control tick population were established. Farms in endemic countries may significantly reduce the prevalence of equine piroplasmosis by establishing measures to control the tick population and treating chronic carrier horses. Additional measures for controlling ticks in tropical areas are also discussed.
Authors:
C E Kerber; F Ferreira; M C Pereira
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Onderstepoort journal of veterinary research     Volume:  66     ISSN:  0030-2465     ISO Abbreviation:  Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res.     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-10-21     Completed Date:  1999-10-21     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401107     Medline TA:  Onderstepoort J Vet Res     Country:  SOUTH AFRICA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  123-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Departamento de Medicina Veterinaria Preventiva e Saude Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Antibodies, Protozoan / blood,  immunology
Babesia / immunology
Babesiosis / epidemiology,  immunology,  prevention & control*
Brazil / epidemiology
Cattle
Climate
Complement Fixation Tests / veterinary
Horse Diseases / epidemiology,  immunology,  prevention & control*
Horses
Tick Control / methods
Ticks
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibodies, Protozoan

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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