Document Detail

Control of Echinococcus granulosus in Cyprus and comparison with other island models.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9806495     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A control programme directed against Echinococcus granulosus was introduced into the Republic of Cyprus in 1971. In 1974, this was restricted to the areas controlled by the government of the island. The force used in the 'attack' phase included a major dog control programme. This and other measures led to the rapid 'disappearance' of the parasite and control was terminated in 1985. Subsequent studies during 1993-1996 revealed that the parasite was present in 82 (20%) villages in either dogs or food animals or both and control was re-introduced in the 'consolidation' phase with emphasis on the surveillance of E. granulosus in intermediate hosts, animal movement control and treatment of dogs in 'infected' villages. During these surveys, a major difficulty was found to be in determining whether transmission was autocthonus or introduced by animals from the areas not controlled by the government. Evidence was found to suggest the former was the most likely for the infected animals which had been born and reared far from the dividing line in the government-controlled area. A major contribution of this and other island programmes, such as those in Iceland, New Zealand, Tasmania (Australia) and the Falkland Islands, to an understanding of control planning has been the demonstration that it cannot readily be determined when eradication has been achieved and that once the costly 'attack' phase has been converted into the much more cost-effective 'consolidation' phase this must be maintained indefinitely in that phase if there is cross-border transmission as is likely to be the case in all Continental control programmes.
P Economides; G Christofi; M A Gemmell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary parasitology     Volume:  79     ISSN:  0304-4017     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Parasitol.     Publication Date:  1998 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-01-07     Completed Date:  1999-01-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7602745     Medline TA:  Vet Parasitol     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  151-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agiculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Nicosia, Cyprus.
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MeSH Terms
Anticestodal Agents / therapeutic use
Arecoline / diagnostic use
Atlantic Islands / epidemiology
Cattle Diseases / epidemiology,  prevention & control
Cyprus / epidemiology
Dog Diseases / epidemiology,  prevention & control*,  transmission
Echinococcosis / epidemiology,  prevention & control,  veterinary*
Echinococcus / immunology,  isolation & purification
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay / veterinary
Goat Diseases / epidemiology,  prevention & control
Iceland / epidemiology
New Zealand / epidemiology
Parasympathomimetics / diagnostic use
Praziquantel / therapeutic use
Sheep Diseases / epidemiology,  prevention & control
Tasmania / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anticestodal Agents; 0/Parasympathomimetics; 55268-74-1/Praziquantel; 63-75-2/Arecoline

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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