Document Detail

Contributions of work stressors, alcohol, and normative beliefs to partner violence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23384367     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: A body of research has established that lower socioeconomic populations, including blue-collar workers, are at higher risk for problem drinking and intimate partner violence. This study of married/cohabiting construction workers and their spouses/partners describes how work stressors, hazardous drinking, and couple characteristics interact to influence normative beliefs around partner violence and, thereafter, its occurrence.
METHOD: Our survey respondents from a sample of 502 dual-earner couples were asked about drinking patterns, past-year partner violence, normative beliefs about partner violence, work-related stressors, impulsivity, and childhood exposure to violence and other adverse events. We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with 81 workers on context of work stress, partner violence, and drinking.
RESULTS: Analyses of data revealed that men's and women's normative beliefs about partner violence were positively related to maleto- female partner violence; female partner violence normative beliefs were associated with female-to-male partner violence. Both partners' levels of impulsivity were directly associated with male-to-female and female-to-male partner violence, and male partner's frequency of intoxication mediated the association between level of impulsivity and male-to-female partner violence. Female partner's adverse childhood experience was directly associated with male-to-female partner violence. Both survey and qualitative interviews identified individual and workrelated factors that influence the occurrence of violence between men and women.
DISCUSSION: These findings provide guidelines for prevention of partner violence that can be implemented in the workplace with attention to hazardous drinking, job stress, treatment, education, and work culture.
Genevieve M Ames; Carol B Cunradi; Michael Duke; Michael Todd; Meng-Jinn Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs     Volume:  74     ISSN:  1938-4114     ISO Abbreviation:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-06     Completed Date:  2013-07-22     Revised Date:  2014-03-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101295847     Medline TA:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  195-204     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
Alcohol-Related Disorders / epidemiology
Construction Industry
Cross-Sectional Studies
Data Collection
Impulsive Behavior / epidemiology*
Middle Aged
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Spouse Abuse / psychology*,  statistics & numerical data
Stress, Psychological / epidemiology*,  etiology
Violence / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Grant Support

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