Document Detail


Contribution of shivering and nonshivering thermogenesis to thermogenic capacity for the deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18729765     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Small mammals that are active all year must develop ways to survive the cold winters. Endotherms that experience prolonged cold exposure often increase their thermogenic capacity. Thermogenic capacity incorporates basal metabolic rate (BMR), nonshivering thermogenesis (NST), and shivering thermogenesis (ST). Increasing the capacity of any of these components will result in increased thermogenic capacity. It is often thought that NST should be the most plastic component of thermogenic capacity and as such is the most likely to increase with cold acclimation. We used deer mice to test this hypothesis by acclimating 27 animals to one of two temperatures (5 degrees or 22 degrees C) for 8 wk. We then measured and compared values for thermogenic capacity--BMR, ST, and NST--between the two groups. Thermogenic capacity and NST increased by 21% and 42%, respectively, after cold acclimation. Neither BMR nor ST showed any change after acclimation. Therefore, it appears that deer mice raise their thermogenic capacity in response to prolonged cold by altering NST only.
Authors:
Matthew J Van Sant; Kimberly A Hammond
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiological and biochemical zoology : PBZ     Volume:  81     ISSN:  1537-5293     ISO Abbreviation:  Physiol. Biochem. Zool.     Publication Date:    2008 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-10     Completed Date:  2008-12-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883369     Medline TA:  Physiol Biochem Zool     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  605-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, USA. mvans001@ucr.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acclimatization / physiology*
Analysis of Variance
Animals
Basal Metabolism
Models, Biological
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Peromyscus / physiology*
Shivering / physiology*
Temperature
Thermogenesis / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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