Document Detail

Contribution of procoagulant phospholipids, thrombomodulin activity and thrombin generation assays as prognostic factors in intensive care patients with septic and non-septic organ failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23096108     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract Background: Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) observed in patients with sepsis and in non-septic patients organ failure (OF) is associated with a high mortality rate. We investigated whether new coagulation assays [quantification of procoagulant phospholipids (PPL) activity, functional assays measuring the activity of thrombomodulin (TMa) or tissue factor (TFa) and thrombin generation using calibrated automated thrombography (CAT)] could constitute new tools to better understand the physiopathology of MODS and have any prognostic value. Methods: We measured TMa, TFa, PPL and CAT in 32 healthy controls, 24 patients with sepsis and 26 patients with non-septic OF. We compared these parameters with usual coagulation assays [prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, protein C (PC), protein S, D-Dimers (D-Di), soluble thrombomodulin (sTM)] and markers of inflammation (IL-6, CRP). Samples were collected within 24 h of the diagnosis. Results: TMa, TFa, PPL, the lag time and time to thrombin peak levels were increased in both groups of patients. For both groups D-Di, IL-6, CRP and endogenous thrombin potential (ETP) were higher in non-survivors than in survivors, while PC and PPL were lower in non-survivors than in survivors. TMa increase was more marked in non-survivors patients with OF, while the ratio TMa/sTM was low in non-survivors with sepsis. Received operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis indicated that thrombin peak and ETP were the more powerful discriminating factors in patients with sepsis or non-septic OF, respectively. Conclusions: PPL, TMa and CAT assays could represent promising tools to identify patients with increased risk of mortality in MODS and could procure insights into pathogenesis of MODS.
Patrick Van Dreden; Barry Woodhams; Aurélie Rousseau; Jean-François Dreyfus; Marc Vasse
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine : CCLM / FESCC     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1434-6621     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Chem. Lab. Med.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9806306     Medline TA:  Clin Chem Lab Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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