Document Detail

Contribution of the hemodynamics of A1 dysplasia or hypoplasia to anterior communicating artery aneurysms: a 3-dimensional numerical simulation study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22805671     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between the hemodynamics and formation, growth, and rupture of aneurysms in anterior communicating arteries (ACoA) with A1 dysplasia or hypoplasia.
METHODS: A series of 3-dimensional numerical simulation models of the anterior communicating artery complex (ACoAC) were designed geometrically. The diameter of A1 was fixed on one side and decreased gradually on the other side. Three groups of ACoA aneurysm model growth were constructed with different positions to the dominant bifurcation. Blood flow was modeled as an incompressible Newtonian fluid described by the unsteady Navier-Stokes equations. Vessel walls were assumed to be rigid; no slip boundary conditions were applied at the walls.
RESULTS: Wall shear stress (WSS), flow velocity, and pressure were influenced by the dynamic variations of A1 diameter. When the diameter of the nondominant A1 gradually decreased, WSS and flow velocity dynamically increased in the dominant bifurcation and pressure decreased. Wall shear stress differences were significant between the dominant and nondominant bifurcations (t = 6.543; P < 0.05). With aneurysm growth, WSS and flow velocity gradually decreased, and turbulence appeared. Wall shear stress was lower at the bifurcation than that 0.02 mm and 0.1 mm to the bifurcation, whereas flow velocity and turbulent flow were more obvious.
CONCLUSIONS: A1 dysplasia/hypoplasia is a potential risk factor in the formation of ACoA aneurysms. Wall shear stress increase may contribute to aneurysm formation. Wall shear stress decrease and turbulent flow may be responsible for the growth and rupture of ACoA aneurysms. The hemodynamic mechanism in the growth and rupture of aneurysms in different locations might be different.
Liyan Xu; Fang Zhang; Haibao Wang; Yongqiang Yu
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of computer assisted tomography     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1532-3145     ISO Abbreviation:  J Comput Assist Tomogr     Publication Date:    2012 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-18     Completed Date:  2012-09-25     Revised Date:  2013-07-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703942     Medline TA:  J Comput Assist Tomogr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  421-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.
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MeSH Terms
Aneurysm, Ruptured / etiology,  physiopathology*
Blood Flow Velocity
Blood Pressure
Computer Simulation
Intracranial Aneurysm / etiology,  physiopathology*
Risk Factors
Stress, Mechanical

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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