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Contribution of autonomic dysfunction to abnormal exercise blood pressure in type 2 diabetes mellitus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22595397     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the presence and severity of autonomic dysfunction in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, with and without exaggerated blood pressure responses to exercise. DESIGN: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 98 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (aged 59±9). METHOD: Both time (standard deviation of RR intervals, root-mean-square of successive RR interval differences) and frequency (total spectral power, high frequency, low frequency, very low frequency) domains of heart rate variability were analysed in a 5min recording at rest and 20min after a maximal treadmill test. An exaggerated blood pressure response to exercise was identified by peak blood pressure ≥190/105mmHg (women) or ≥210/105mmHg (men). RESULTS: Each group of either exaggerated exercise blood pressure response or normal blood pressure response consisted of 49 patients. At rest there were no significant differences between groups for all time and frequency domain parameters of heart rate variability. Post-exercise, there was a significant (p<0.05) reduction in the SDNN, RMSSD and TP in the exaggerated exercise blood pressure group. Independent correlates (p<0.01) of exercise systolic blood pressure included post-exercise TP, resting systolic blood pressure, cardiac autonomic neuropathy and beta-blockers (beta=-0.28, adj. R(2)=0.32, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Reduced post-exercise heart rate variability in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, with an exaggerated exercise blood pressure response suggests preclinical autonomic dysfunction characterized by impaired vagal modulation.
Authors:
Kassia S Weston; Julian W Sacre; Christine L Jellis; Jeff S Coombes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of science and medicine in sport / Sports Medicine Australia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-1861     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9812598     Medline TA:  J Sci Med Sport     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Australia; School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Australia.
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