Document Detail

Contrasting patterns of nucleotide polymorphism at the alcohol dehydrogenase locus in the outcrossing Arabidopsis lyrata and the selfing Arabidopsis thaliana.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10742055     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Nucleotide variation at the alcohol dehydrogenase locus (Adh) was studied in the outcrossing Arabidopsis lyrata, a close relative of the selfing Arabidopsis thaliana. Overall, estimated nucleotide diversity in the North American ssp. lyrata and two European ssp. petraea populations was 0.0038, lower than the corresponding specieswide estimate for A. thaliana at the same set of nucleotide sites. The distribution of segregating sites across the gene differed between the two species. Estimated sequence diversity within an A. lyrata population with a large sample size (0.0023) was much higher than has previously been observed for A. thaliana. This North American population has an excess of sites at intermediate frequencies compared with neutral expectation (Tajima's D = 2.3, P < 0.005), suggestive of linked balancing selection or a recent population bottleneck. In contrast, an excess of rare polymorphisms has been found in A. thaliana. Polymorphism within A. lyrata and divergence from A. thaliana appear to be correlated across the Adh gene sequence. The geographic distribution of polymorphism was quite different from that of A. thaliana, for which earlier studies of several genes found low within-population nucleotide site polymorphism and no overall continental differentiation of variation despite large differences in site frequencies between local populations. Differences between the outcrossing A. lyrata and the selfing A. thaliana reflect the impact of differences in mating system and the influence of bottlenecks in A. thaliana during rapid colonization on DNA sequence polymorphism. The influence of additional variability-reducing mechanisms, such as background selection or hitchhiking, may not be discernible.
O Savolainen; C H Langley; B P Lazzaro; H Fr
Related Documents :
24443025 - The ehlers-danlos syndrome.
25195205 - Epigenetic structure and the role of polymorphism in the shaping of dna methylation pat...
22987125 - Inferred spoligoforest topology unravels spatially bimodal distribution of mutations in...
25205765 - Subunit composition of the human cytoplasmic dynein-2 complex.
24443025 - The ehlers-danlos syndrome.
17508995 - Polymorphisms of the dopamine d4 receptor gene (drd4 vntr) and cannabinoid cb1 receptor...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular biology and evolution     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0737-4038     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Biol. Evol.     Publication Date:  2000 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-15     Completed Date:  2000-06-15     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501455     Medline TA:  Mol Biol Evol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  645-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Biology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Alcohol Dehydrogenase / genetics*
Arabidopsis / genetics*
Crosses, Genetic
Genetic Variation
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Polymorphism, Genetic*
Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Reg. No./Substance:
EC Dehydrogenase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Dramatic mitochondrial gene rearrangements in the hermit crab Pagurus longicarpus (Crustacea, anomur...
Next Document:  Selective constraints, amino acid composition, and the rate of protein evolution.