Document Detail

Contrasting diet and body mass among users and nonusers of oral contraceptives and exogenous estrogens: the Lipid Research Clinics Program Prevalence Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3565359     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Mean dietary constituent levels using the 24-hour recall method and body mass measures were examined among oral contraceptive and exogenous estrogen users and nonusers in the Lipid Research Clinics Program Prevalence Study. Among women aged 20-44 years, oral contraceptive users had a significantly lower mean Quetelet index of body mass and triceps skinfold thickness and a significantly higher total caloric intake. Among women aged 45-69 years, those taking exogenous estrogens had a significantly lower mean Quetelet index. No significant differences between hormone users and nonusers were seen for per cent of calories from fat (saturated or unsaturated), protein, carbohydrates, starch, sucrose, or alcohol. The higher total caloric intake in oral contraceptive users in contrast to nonusers and the lower body mass in both groups of gonadal hormone users may in part be indicative of other differences in life-style and behavior between the study groups. Further documentation of specific eating patterns, nutrient intake, and energy metabolism in women consuming gonadal hormones and in suitable control subjects seems to be indicated.
R B Wallace; G Heiss; B Burrows; K Graves
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of epidemiology     Volume:  125     ISSN:  0002-9262     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Epidemiol.     Publication Date:  1987 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-05-11     Completed Date:  1987-05-11     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7910653     Medline TA:  Am J Epidemiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  854-9     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
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MeSH Terms
Body Weight*
Contraceptives, Oral / adverse effects*
Diet Surveys
Energy Intake
Energy Metabolism*
Estrogens / adverse effects*
Middle Aged
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contraceptives, Oral; 0/Estrogens

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