Document Detail

Contrast-enhanced sonographic characterization of the vascularity of the repaired rotator cuff: utility of maximum intensity projection imaging.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21795486     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Objectives- To characterize the distribution of vascularity of the postoperative rotator cuff tendon using a maximum intensity projection technique after contrast-enhanced sonography. Methods- We retrospectively evaluated image data on 23 patients (11 male and 12 female) with intact rotator cuff repairs who had previously undergone contrast-enhanced sonography of their shoulders using lipid microspheres before and after a standardized exercise protocol. The patients were on average 3 months out from their surgery. Using offline image analysis software, a maximum intensity projection image was obtained for each patient, reflecting the regional vascular distribution within the repair and adjacent soft tissue. Subjective analysis was performed in 4 regions of interest: peribursal, articular medial, articular lateral, and suture anchor, independently by 2 musculoskeletal radiologists using a semiquantitative scale ranging from 0 to 4 for each region (0, no enhancement; 1, 1%-25% enhancement; 2, 26%-50%; 3, 51%-75%; and 4, 76%-100%). A combined vascularity score (0-8) was produced for each region and formed the basis for the subjective analysis. Results- Using a Mann-Whitney nonparametric test, the data showed significantly higher regional enhancement in the peribursal and suture anchor regions compared to the tendon (P < .001). Exercise resulted in a statistically significant increase in the extent of enhancement in all regions (P < .002). Inter-rater reliability analysis using a weighted κ statistic showed strong agreement (0.63-0.64) for the suture anchor site and moderate agreement for the others (peribursal, 0.35-0.39; articular medial, 0.45-0.55; and articular lateral 0.32-0.33). Conclusions- The maximum intensity projection technique after contrast-enhanced sonography provides a topographic map of rotator cuff vascularity; the latter has been implicated as an important factor in promoting bone-tendon healing. Approximately 3 months after rotator cuff repair, the suture anchor and peribursal regions showed the most robust vascularity. Maximum intensity projection imaging further establishes that there is a global increase in vascular response at the repair site after exercise.
Ronald S Adler; Kevin M Johnson; Stephen Fealy; Alex Maderazo; Robert A Gallo; Seth C Gamradt; Russell F Warren
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1550-9613     ISO Abbreviation:  J Ultrasound Med     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211547     Medline TA:  J Ultrasound Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1103-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology and Imaging, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 E 70th St, New York, NY 10021 USA.
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