Document Detail

Contrast-enhanced computed tomography and ultrasound-guided liver biopsy to diagnose dysplastic liver nodules in cirrhosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23022425     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Dysplastic nodules in cirrhosis herald a very high risk of transition to hepatocellular carcinoma. A better understanding of the relationships between dysplastic nodules and hepatocellular carcinoma development may help refining strategies of enhanced follow-up. METHODS: All consecutive cirrhotics with a histologically proven de novo dysplastic nodule, were retrospectively identified and underwent alternating abdominal ultrasound and contrast-computed tomography every 3 months. An ultrasound-guided liver biopsy was the diagnostic gold standard, whereas surveillance and recall policies were according to current guidelines. RESULTS: Among 36 patients with dysplastic nodule (21 low-grade, 15 high-grade, 17.4±2.6mm), 17 (47%) showed arterial wash-in, 15 (42%) portal/venous hypodensity whereas 4 (11%) had neither pattern. During 6-128 (median 36) months, 21 patients developed a hepatocellular carcinoma at a rate of 13.8% per year, intranodular=8.7% vs extranodular=7.1% per year. Hepatocellular carcinoma occurred more frequently in high-grade than low-grade dysplastic nodules (32.2% vs 9.3% per year, p=0.0039); the maximum time to hepatocellular carcinoma transformation was 27 months for intranodular vs 67 months for extranodular tumours (p=0.025). No contrast-computed tomography pattern predicted neoplastic transformation of dysplastic nodules. CONCLUSION: The histological examination of liver nodules in cirrhosis lacking the imaging hallmark of hepatocellular carcinoma improves both prognostication and outcome of surveillance, since it dictates the intensity of the radiological follow-up.
Massimo Iavarone; Matteo Angelo Manini; Angelo Sangiovanni; Mirella Fraquelli; Laura Virginia Forzenigo; Luca Di Tommaso; Alessio Aghemo; Massimo Roncalli; Guido Ronchi; Massimo Colombo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Digestive and liver disease : official journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-3562     ISO Abbreviation:  Dig Liver Dis     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100958385     Medline TA:  Dig Liver Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Centro AM e A Migliavacca for Liver Diseases, 1st Division of Gastroenterology, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Maggiore Hospital, University of Milan, Italy. Electronic address:
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